Liparis liliifolia – Purple Twayblade Part 2
25 May 2019

25 May 2019 Botany Bill Journal

Today, Dave Anderson and I re-discovered the location of a patch of Liparis liliifolia in bloom that Dave initially spotted last year on the North Tract after the blooming season. This is a new record for this species on the Refuge. It is considered to be a Maryland S2 threatened species. Next week, we will […]

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Which species of Oxalis is this?
18 May 2019

18 May 2019 Botany Bill Journal

Which species of Oxalis is this? I suspect it could be Oxalic colorea? Maybe. If not what other species could this be? We have measured the petals to be at least 7 mm, but never more than 10 mm. It was first found on the Patuxent Research Refuge, Maryland in April 2017. These images were […]

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Viola affinis – Sand Violet

1 May 2019 Botany Bill Journal

Viola affinis or Sand Violet is an acaulescent violet found in the eastern part of North America from Quebec and Ontario in the south and Florida to Texas in the south. (Acaulescent means the flower rises from a non-leafy stem.) On the Patuxent Research Refuge, it is seen in wet sandy areas usually near seepages.

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17 February 2019 – Palmettos in Myrtle Beach

17 February 2019 Botany Bill JournalNon-Refuge

Today, my wife Becky and I paid a short visit to Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Visitors to Myrtle Beach can’t help but notice the Palmettos planted around the city and other cities in the area. Here are some photos of a few of these trees. As far as I can determine, their scientific name is […]

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21 July 2018 – Foraying at Parris Glendening Nature Preserve, Jug Bay

21 July 2018 Botany Bill JournalNon-Refuge

Despite some rain, heavy at times, had a awesome time today meeting up with Joe Metzger and Karyn Molines to foray the Parris Glendening Nature Preserve, Jug Bay. We hiked about one mile to an area called the “Sand Barrens” to look for some prickly pear cactus. It was an open clearing with sandy soil […]

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14 April 2017 – Oldtown Elkridge and Thomas Viaduct

14 April 2017 Botany Bill Journal

The venue for today’s foray took place in Oldtown Elkridge and in area of the nearby Thomas Viaduct (the world’s oldest multiple arched stone railway viaduct still in use from the early 19th century). Below, you can see some of the plants we found on this foray. New plants to my lifetime list include Yellow […]

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31 March 2013 – Hood’s Phlox – Phlox hoodii

31 March 2013 Botany Bill Plant ProfileSites around refugeTrip to Spokane

Hood’s Phlox (Phlox hoodii Richardson) is a highly variable, widespread species found in Western North America from Alaska to Northern Mexico on the west to Manitoba, Nebraska, and New Mexico on the East. It is a common constituent of the sagebrush community, and is one of the first blooming plants in the spring after the […]

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30 October 2012 – Sandy: Flood at the Main Entrance to North Tract

30 October 2012 Botany Bill Sites around refuge

Today, I had the day off because of Sandy and so this morning I decided to go the North Tract to check things out. As soon as I came up to the entrance of the North Tract, I spotted an Anne Arundel County Police patrol car blocking Maryland 198. The officer in the car told […]

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26 August 2012 – Giant Puffball

26 August 2012 Botany Bill Non-RefugePlant Profile

Today at church my son A.J. pointed out a large fungus fruiting body in the flower bed just outside of the chapel. It is a Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea (Batsch ex Pers.) Lloyd). It is commonly found in Europe and North America, and is usually seen in later summer and early fall. Although this one […]

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23 August 2012 – Northern Slender Lady’s Tresses Orchid – Spiranthes lacera

23 August 2012 Botany Bill Plant Profile

Today, I revisited the site where I found some Northern Slender Lady’s Tresses Orchid (Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer.) two years ago. I visited the site last year but there were no flowers blooming. However, this year I found numerous individuals in full bloom. This is a small delicate orchid. Its flowers […]

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8 Aug 2012 – Old American Chestnut Stump – Castanea dentata

21 August 2012 Botany Bill JournalPlant Profile

Today, due to the kind help of Dennis Green, one of the longtime volunteers at the North Tract, I was able to document the first evidence of an American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) for the project. After a ride up a road near the old ASP (Ammunition Supply Point) Area 2, a road with deep gullies […]

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23 July 2012 – Common teasel – Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sylvestris

23 July 2012 Botany Bill Non-RefugePlant Profile

I spotted a patch of common teasel – Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sylvestris (Huds.) Clapham next to the road in Lawrenceville, PA and decided to take some pictures. This is the wild form of the teasel which was used for carding wool until being replaced by metal carding devices in the 20th century. This and the […]

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14 July 2012 – Small Green Wood Orchid or Club Spur Orchid – Platanthera clavellata

15 July 2012 Botany Bill JournalPlant Profile

While exploring the south side of Beaver Valley, I came across a population of Small Green Wood Orchid or Club Spur Orchid (Platanthera clavellata (Michx.) Luer). The plants were found in a boggy seepage area at the base of a slope which leads to an upload woods. Although it is a plain little orchid, its […]

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The Inner Core – Untouched by Human Hands (Mostly)

6 May 2012 Botany Bill JournalSites around refuge

INTRODUCTION The purpose of this article is to draw attention to and spark interest in a special parcel of land on the North Tract. For the purposes of this article, I will call it the “Inner Core.” While there is no true wilderness on the North Tract, the Inner Core has probably had the least […]

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5 May 2012 – Close Encounter of a Slithering Kind

5 May 2012 Botany Bill FaunaJournalSites around refuge

Today while slogging in the steam which flows between Beaver Valley and Shangri La I had a close encounter with a snake called a Black Racer – (Coluber constrictor). It did not try to slither away like most racers I have seen before. Instead it coiled up and tried to look threatening. I spotted it […]

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21 April 2012 – Beaver Valley – Search for more Bogs

22 April 2012 Botany Bill JournalSites around refuge

Today, I went back out to Beaver Valley to explore the east end and north bank. I discovered that most of the good bogs are on the west end of the south bank. On this trip, I ventured further on the south bank to find the east end of Beaver Valley. This part of the […]

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20 April 2012 – Beaver Valley

21 April 2012 Botany Bill JournalSites around refuge

I scoped out Beaver Valley today. It is another one of the remnants from the Little Patuxent River. It is further south from the Little Patuxent River than Shangri La, and is much older. There is a stream that flows through it, and is more filled in than other stream remnants. At least on the […]

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19 April 2012 – Neverland Swamp

19 April 2012 Botany Bill JournalSites around refuge

Today, I ventured into a part of the North Tract that I had not been to yet – Neverland Swamp. It is located south of the Old Forge Bridge along the Little Patuxent River. I was pleasantly surprised with what I saw. There are remnants of old river channels which have filled with water and […]

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17 April 2012 – Termites

19 April 2012 Botany Bill FaunaJournal

While traipsing through the woods near Wild Turkey Way at Loblolly Fork I stepped on a log which broke and exposed a bunch of little critters scurrying about. I examined the log closely and discovered that the critters were termites. They were hard to photograph because they did not stay still. But I managed to […]

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24 March 2012 – Mistletoe Bog and Shangri La

24 March 2012 Botany Bill JournalSites around refuge

Mistletoe Bog This afternoon, Barb Dyko and I scouted out some boggy areas near the Wood Duck Pond. There are several slow flowing streams throughout this area and the layout of these streams are such that boggy areas can form. The first area were visited is of particular interest. Sometime ago FWS interns built a […]

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